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Effect of robotic-assisted gait rehabilitation on dynamic equilibrium control in the gait of children with cerebral palsy

Abstract : Due to the intensity and repetition of movement, roboticassisted gait training therapy could have a beneficial effect on the recovery and improvement of postural and locomotor functions of the patient. This study sought to highlight the effects of robotic-assisted gait rehabilitation in gait of children with Cerebral Palsy (CP). We analyzed the different strategies before and after this rehabilitation which was used in order to generate forward motion while maintaining balance. Data were collected by a motion analysis system (Vicon® - Oxford Metrics, Oxford, UK). The children were divided into two groups in such a way as to obtain a randomized controlled population: i) a group of fourteen children (Treated Group) underwent 20 sessions of roboticassisted gait training therapy using the driven gait orthosis Lokomat®Pediatric (Hocoma AG, Volketswil, Switzerland) compared to ii) a group of sixteen children without sessions of Lokomat®Pediatric (Control Group). Significant differences are observed for the TG between the preand post-test values of the locomotor parameters and of the kinetic data of the propulsive forces of the Center of Mass (COM) and of the Center of Pressure (COP) dynamic trajectory. This first study, although performed on a limited number of patients, shows the usefulness of this robotic gait rehabilitation mainly in the balance control in gait. Indeed after this rehabilitation, these children improve their gait that is especially characterized by a more appropriate time lag between the time instant of COM-COP trajectory divergence and the time instant when the forward propulsive forces became apparent.
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Laura Wallard, Gilles Dietrich, y. Kerlirzin, Jonathan Bredin. Effect of robotic-assisted gait rehabilitation on dynamic equilibrium control in the gait of children with cerebral palsy. Gait and Posture, Elsevier, 2018, 60, pp.55-60. ⟨10.1016/j.gaitpost.2017.11.007⟩. ⟨hal-03464963⟩

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