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Description de la langue bijogo (Guinée Bissau)

Abstract : The Bijogo language is spoken by approximately 20,000 people in the Bijagós Archipelago in Guinea Bissau. It is classified in the Atlantic branch of the Niger-Congo family, in which it appears quite isolated. Since dialectal variation is important, the present study is limited to the island of Bubaque. The description, based on personal field work, is essentially centered on the morphological features of the language. The presentation of the phonological system (7 vowels and 18 consonants including the retroflex ™) is followed by an inventory of the parts of speech based on morpho-syntactic criteria. The major distinction is between verb and noun, but special attention is drawn on prepositions. The third and the fourth parts are respectively devoted to the nominal and verbal systems. The main feature of the nominal system is the existence of 14 noun classes, with concord on verbs, determiners and relative clauses. The verbal system shows a bipolar aspectual opposition, with a set of markers split along the categories of time, negation and prospective validation. The conclusion deals with the numerous typological similarities between Bijogo and the Bantu languages. A lexicon of 1800 words is provided.
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Contributor : Guillaume Segerer <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, December 16, 2008 - 2:51:51 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:51:44 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00347666, version 1


Guillaume Segerer. Description de la langue bijogo (Guinée Bissau). Linguistique. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2000. Français. ⟨tel-00347666⟩



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