https://hal-confremo.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00700925v2Buliga, MariusMariusBuligaIMAR - Institute of Mathematics of the Romanian Academy [Bucharest]Sub-riemannian geometry from intrinsic viewpointHAL CCSD2012[MATH.MATH-DG] Mathematics [math]/Differential Geometry [math.DG]Fardoun, Ali2012-06-19 11:01:502020-04-20 11:50:022012-06-19 17:16:02enConference papershttps://hal-confremo.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00700925v1application/pdf2Gromov proposed to extract the (di erential) geometric content of a sub-riemannian space exclusively from its Carnot-Carath eodory distance. One of the most striking features of a regular sub-riemannian space is that it has at any point a metric tangent space with the algebraic structure of a Carnot group, hence a homogeneous Lie group. Siebert characterizes homogeneous Lie groups as locally compact groups admitting a contracting and continuous one-parameter group of automorphisms. Siebert result has not a metric character. In these notes I show that sub-riemannian geometry may be described by about 12 axioms, without using any a priori given di erential structure, but using dilation structures instead. Dilation structures bring forth the other intrinsic ingredient, namely the dilations, thus blending Gromov metric point of view with Siebert algebraic one.