Polymorphisme rythmique d’une hymne syriaque maronite ou comment gravir le Chemin de Croix en dansant ?

Abstract : This article concerns the problem of high frequency of the Syriac hymns of the Maronite office of the Holy Week, whose rhythm is doubly stratified, in the sense that it can be analyzed at the same time like a 2/1 bichron rhythm, which is attached to the syllabic irregular pulsation and which is specific to the giusto syllabic rhythm, and like a 3/2 bichron rhythm, which agglomerates the syllabic pulsations within an irregular metasyllabic pulsation and which is specific to the aksak rhythm, according to the Constantin Brăiloiu typology. The hypothesis considers this double rhythmic stratification as an actualization of the aesthetic syncretism which saint Ephrem carried out in the 4th century between the Apollonian and the Dionysian schemas, so that the giusto syllabic rhythm layer would be related to the first schema, while the aksak rhythm layer would indicate the second schema. The validation of this assumption rests on rythmico-melodic morphophonological analysis of the stanza-model which is commune to nine 11/8 measured hymns recorded by the Master of this tradition, the Antonine Father Maroun Mrad (1913-2009). This analysis proceeds of modal semiotics and makes it possible to rewrite the surface of these hymns in terms of deep structures. Thus the diachronic/phylogenic perspective of the ancient aesthetic syncretism is actualized in the synchronic/ontogenetic form of a transformation which operates in generative musical grammatical semiotics between two morphological layers. It is in the sense that these anthems of Christ passion are stressed by a dabkeh aksak country dance, which registers the enthusiasm of Christ resurrection in the Way of Cross.
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Nidaa Abou Mrad. Polymorphisme rythmique d’une hymne syriaque maronite ou comment gravir le Chemin de Croix en dansant ?. Revue des Traditions Musicales des Mondes Arabe et Méditerranéen, Editions de l'Université Antonine, 2014, pp.61-82. ⟨http://www.upa.edu.lb/editions-de-l-ua/periodiques/revue-des-traditions-musicales-des-mondes-arabe-et-mediterraneen-rtmmam.html⟩. ⟨hal-01522653⟩

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